Math, Science, and Logic: The Laws of the Universe

"If people do not believe that mathematics is simple, it is only because they do not realize how complicated life is."
-John von Neumann
Two plus two equals four. I doubt that anybody would disagree on that point. Gravity keeps us from floating off into space. Again, I doubt that anybody would disagree with me here. Math and science are easily accepted. When you make a mathematical or scientific statement, you are either right or wrong. But logic, on the other hand... Logic is often abandoned, and even more often, misunderstood. One misunderstanding is summed up in an incredibly idiotic quotation from fictitious Captain Janeway of the starship Voyager.
"You can use logic to justify almost anything. That's its power - and its flaw."
-Captain Kathryn Janeway
This goes against the very nature of logic, and yet, it seems to be how most people see it. This misrepresentation of logic has two major results. One result is that people try to use logic to prove what they want to believe (as opposed to wanting to believe what logic shows). The other is that people, thinking themselves quite clever for having figured out what logic really is, abandon it entirely. However, I would contend that logic is a law of the universe as much as math and science.

With math, we find one correct answer. Or, if we have an equation with variables, there could be a number of correct answers, depending on what the variable is. But there is still always one correct answer. You can't say that two and two make twenty simply because it's more convenient for you. You can't say that two and two make five, which is "close enough." In fact, you can't even say that two and two make four point one. Two and two make exactly four- no more, no less. When we look at what logic truly is, there is always one right answer. Each piece of the puzzle is like a number in the equation, and each unknown piece of information is a variable. Compared to logic, math is simple.

Now, think about the reactions that people have when faced with logic that they don't like, and imagine those reactions being given to mathematical equations. "Let's agree to disagree." "That's your opinion." And, one of my personal favorites, "you're not always right."
It is true that logic is more difficult than math, and that, therefore, someone trained in logic is more likely to be logically incorrect than someone trained in mathematics is to be mathematically incorrect. It's also possible that someone untrained in logic could have more information, more pieces to the equation, and thus, an easier time answering the riddle. Nobody is always right. However, to challenge someone logically, you should be prepared to defend your case, as you would be in mathematics. It's also important to keep in mind that if someone seems to be right a lot, it could be that they're manipulating the logic to their advantage, but it could also be that they just know logic well enough to avoid being wrong.

Mathematics are firm and solid. Logic is harder to see, but, if you have all the pieces, also has one answer for each equation. It never ceases to amaze me how some people can think that disagreements are natural when it comes to objective topics. When two people disagree in math, at least one of them is wrong. But when two people disagree in logic, people think that it's okay to "agree to disagree." Hopefully, people will eventually begin to realize that logic cannot be manipulated by human hands any more than math or science can.
"But in my opinion, all things in nature occur mathematically."
-René Descartes

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